This list of the 100 most common Chinese surnames derives from comprehensive surveys from 2007 and 1982. 建国路88号现代城SOHO B座 504 The surname "Son/Sun" (孫) is listed in the classic Chinese text Hundred Family Surnames, perhaps shedding light on the Hokkien suffix -son used here as a surname alongside some sort of accompanying enumeration scheme. Chinese people hold family bonds above individual needs or wants and often, many generations live together either in the same house or the same neighborhood. For example, the total number of surnames (of native Chinese people) in China is just over 4,000. But you can definitely use it to show your friends just how difficult learning Mandarin is…. [2], In 2013 the Fuxi Culture Research Association compiled a ranking of the 400 most common surnames.[22]. Uncle (Husband of Aunt) 12. Next are Li, Zhang, and Liu. handsome guy)大哥 – dàgē: Said towards any male to show respect小姐姐 – xiǎo jiějiě: This is a newer term that crept up in Chinese social media, said to younger women师傅 – shīfù: A term of respect said towards workers e.g. This is also said for “Uncle 叔叔 shūshu” and “aunt 阿姨 āyí”. I just met someone yesterday and learnt that his surname is 完颜. There are just so many aren't there! The next five--Yang, Huang, Zhao, Wu, and Zhou—were each shared by more than 20 million Chinese. This is a list of Mandarin Chinese names of immediate family members, and each entry is accompanied by an audio file for pronunciation and listening practice. Unofficial versions of Wade-Giles transliterations, (with diacritics removed) appear in parentheses. Niece 24. She has a wealth of knowledge across so many subjects as her full time job is a tour guide. When you study in China you can fully immerse yourself in Chinese culture, giving a deeper understanding of the Chinese language. In fact, data from a Census Bureau study reveals that the number of Hispanic surnames in the top 25 doubled between 1990 and 2000. For example:  Mum’s sibling’s son (if older than you) –表哥 (Biǎo gē). more filters... Filter Results close. The 2010 Indonesian census reported more than 2.8 million self-identified Chinese, or about 1% of the general population. In China, family names are typically passed from the father to the children. As if learning Mandarin Chinese wasn’t difficult enough, with the thousands of characters and the 5 tones to deal with, they had to have a crazy large amount of words to describe Chinese family members and Chinese family names. Watching movies can be a great way to learn a language. In 2002, a book who has more than 50 million words with 200 charts of name's distribution "Chinese surnames: genetic and demographic groups," announced the research work of 10 years being completed. The Best Mandarin Movies. The third is derived from the 1982 Chinese census whose zero hour was 00:00 on 1 July … Poster available for sale now! The same surname many times unite families into a big clan where people show respect to the same ancestors. Chinese names also form the basis for many common Vietnamese, Korean, and Japanese surnames and to an extent Filipino surnames in both translation and transliteration into those languages. 北海市海城区北海大道183号城市购物广场 0510号 Either suffice, they are 妻子 (Qīzi) or 老婆 (lǎopó). Coming to China, you may have noticed the importance of addressing people and learning about etiquette and traditions. Which is just basically describing someone’s position in the family. Please note that the pronunciations given below are Mandarin (using Pinyin romanization) and when applicable, simplified characters are used instead of traditional. Tel: +86 (0) 10 65129057 it's very specific, so you know exactly who you're talking about, and when you say "my cousin" your friends will know exactly who you're talking about and whose side they're on. What makes it more complicated, however, is that in different Mandarin Chinese dialects – things change around, and different areas in China have different preferences of how to refer to their family members. Poster available for sale now! Usage Initial letter Source Meaning expand search to ancestral names. China, however, is in a whole different league. The equivalent would be to name the US President ‘Obama Barack’, or the actress ‘Paltrow Gwyneth’, or the Venetian explorer ‘Polo Marco’. Newer post. i don't think you should call it "unnecessarily" complicated, that's kind of a mean thing to call a language that this entire website is about. But, I soon learned that it is just a polite form of address. [9][5] The third is derived from the 1982 Chinese census whose zero hour was 00:00 on 1 July 1982. Sign up below and become part of our ever growing community! More Chinese Names For Cool Girls . Daughter 27. Plus, it will certainly make a good impression if you’re meeting a Chinese family over Chinese New Year! There are a couple of surnames I recall being rather surprised finding out about. Chapter 1 – Importance of address in Chinese. An "uncle" in English can refer to a brother or brother-in-law of either parent. Most Chinese characters have a meaning that can be translated into English, but Chinese names are often not fully translatable. Chinese names also form the basis for many common Vietnamese, Korean, and Japanese surnames in both translation and transliteration into those languages. Surnames like Tuazon (Eldest Grandson, 大孫), Dizon (Second Grandson, 二孫), Samson/Sanson (Third Grandson, 三孫), Sison (Fourth Grandson, 四孫), Gozon/Goson/Gozum (Fifth Grandson, 五孫), Lacson (Sixth Grandson, 六孫) are examples of transliterations of designations that use the Hokkien suffix -son (孫) used as surnames for some Chinese Filipinos who trace their ancestry from Chinese immigrants to the Philippines during the Spanish Colonial Period. In total, the US has over 6 million surnames. You will get a reply from us Your email address will not be published. Chinese names are used in China and in Chinese communities throughout the world. Using the correct terminology is very important in Chinese culture, and this doesn’t stop with family members either! Upon first coming to China, I was horrified with the number of people calling me ‘美女(Měinǚ)’ which literally translates to ‘beautiful woman’. Thus China is by no means unique in considering the family important, and scholars of Chinese life are There are 270 million Chinese people who own one of these top three surnames. Mother 11. Email: [email protected], Thank you very much! LULI: Chinese name which means “Dewy jasmine”. In the south, Chen (陈/陳) is the most common, being shared by 10.6% of the population. These top five surnames— Wang, Li, Zhang, Liu, Chen—alone accounted for more people than Indonesia, the fourth most populous country in the world,[13] and their total number is around the population of the USA, the third most populous country in the world. This tool helps you look up the specific terms for a relationship. Garcia leapfrogged from number 18 to number eight, while Rodriguez went up from 22 to nine. Using the form above, describe the person's relationship to you and click on "Look it up!". According to a comprehensive survey of residential permits released by the Taiwanese Ministry of the Interior's Department of Population in 2016, Taiwan has only 1,503 surnames. The family name is the first character, followed by the given name. Statistics Canada has not released a list of common surnames for any of its recent censuses, but much of the Canadian Chinese population is clustered in Metro Vancouver and Greater Victoria in British Columbia and the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area and the Ottawa-Gatineau Area in Ontario, as well as in some emerging major clusters, such as the Calgary–Edmonton Corridor in Alberta, Montreal, and the Communauté métropolitaine de Québec (Quebec Community Metropolitan Area) in Quebec. Tel: +86 (0) 21 3368 0866 Around the major crossing points of the Yangtze River, the most common surname is Li (李), taking up 7.7%, followed by Wang (王), Zhang (张/張), Chen (陈/陳) an… 0510, City Plaza, No. Modern Mansion Bldg. Aunt 9. The next time you find yourself struggling to remember the term for your dad’s younger sister’s husband, feel free to consult this article, or watch this nifty 4-minute video that sums up the complicated Chinese family tree. WEI 威, 巍, 伟, 微, 薇 m & f Chinese From Chinese 威 meaning "power, pomp", 巍 meaning "high, lofty, towering" or 伟 meaning "great, robust, extraordinary". Also new to the list is the Asian surname Lee—ranked at number 22 in the country—indicating a rise in the Asian American population. Next are Li (李), Zhang (张/張) and Liu (刘/劉). This law was abolished after the removal of Suharto, but Chinese Indonesian names remain a mix of Indonesian, pinyin, peh-oe-ji, and Dutch-spelled Hokkien. Either suffice, they are 丈夫 (Zhàngfū) or 老公 (lǎogōng). The list of Chinese family names or surnames is much shorter than in other cultures. Whatsapp / Wechat / Mobile In total, there are only around … That was A.W.E.S.O.M.E !!! Husband actually has two words you can use in Chinese. However, very few of the Chinese Thais have Chinese surnames, after the 1913 Surname Act that required the adoption of Thai surnames in order to enjoy Thai citizenship. Culture Shock in China Part 1:Understanding Chinese People Culture Shock in China: Culture shock can happen to anyone at any time, and it affects everyone differently. Have a look at the graphic below for an interesting visual, and check out the video – which will probably help confuse you more. We give plenty of handy information on learning Chinese, useful apps to learn the language and everything going on at our LTL schools! Even today, the number of surnames in China is a little over 4,000,[1] while the year 2000 US census found there are more than 6.2 million surnames altogether[2] and that there were 150,000 American surnames held by at least 100 people. Building B, 5th Floor, Room 504 In England, it would be pretty creepy. 29, Lane 78, Section 1, Anhe Rd, Da’an, Taipei Mandarin Chinese is, of course, no exception. Old outsider同事 – tóngshì: You’ll hear this at work, meaning ‘colleague’. The Unnecessarily Complicated Chinese Family Tree. Great-grandmother 3. Surnames are not evenly distributed throughout China's geography. 76. [3], The Chinese expression "Three Zhang Four Li" (simplified Chinese: 张三李四; traditional Chinese: 張三李四; pinyin: Zhāng Sān Lǐ Sì) is used to mean "anyone" or "everyone",[4] but the most common surnames are currently Wang in mainland China[5] and Chen in Taiwan. Cousin’s husband 22. Hu Jintao’s family name is Hu, and so on. [3], During the 2000 census, the 10 most common Chinese American names were:[36], Lin Yutang's Chinese-English Dictionary of Modern Usage, hosted at the Chinese University of Hong Kong. So good isn't it but my word what a headache! sizes of the 20 largest Chinese families, "Demographic Aspects of Surnames from Census 2000", "Genealogy Data: Frequently Occurring Surnames from Census 2000", "China issues first set of stamps of Chinese family names", "Population of Indonesia by Province 1971, 1980, 1990, 1995, 2000 and 2010", "Name Not on Our List? No. The Chinese family tree takes a long time and tons of repetition to learn, even for native Chinese speakers. LTL Mandarin School believes that Chinese study should not be limited to the classroom. In the US, there are well over 150,000 surnames that are held by more than 100 people. taxi driver叔叔 – shūshu: A term of respect said to an older person阿姨 – āyí: Said to older women老外 – lǎowài: The Chinese word for ‘foreigner’ – you’ll hear this a lot! Altogether some 22,000 family names have been used in China but over time, some of them have become reserved and only 3,500 are commonly used nowadays. 5 Chinese Daily Useful Phrases Nov 23, 2020. (~700 surnames), Other popular Asian & Pacific Islander names are the, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Communauté métropolitaine de Québec (Quebec Community Metropolitan Area), Est. 1994–2011: The American researcher Chih-Hao Tsai has compiled unauthoritative annual surveys of the most common surnames on Taiwan. These are lists of the most common Chinese surnames in mainland China (People's Republic of China), Taiwan (Republic of China), and the Chinese diaspora overseas as provided by authoritative government or academic sources. First of all, ... Name: * Email: * (email will not be published) Comment: Older post. From Chinese 家 meaning "home, family" combined with 豪 ... From Chinese 图 meaning "chart, map" or other characters with similar pronunciations. Ignoring potentially non-Chinese spellings such as Lee (49,898 total),[27]:Table 1 they found that the most common Chinese names in Ontario were:[27]. Lit. Name and Email are required. Once you learn to recognize just a few of these basic characters, you'll find yourself noticing them wherever you find Chinese writing. Nice spot! Zoe is one of the more well travelled individuals we've met at LTL. And I don't even think I can name that many people in my own family, whether in French or English!!! [29] Chinese is the second largest race in Malaysia, after the Malays. In Chinese the family name always precedes the given name. 88, Xiandai SOHO, Building B, 504 [28] Just as in Thailand, though, previous legislation (in this case, 127/U/Kep/12/1966) had banned ethnic Chinese surnames throughout the country. Great-aunt 7. : We've fixed our boo boos, straightened out the lines and added jyutping! The second is derived from the 1982 Chinese census whose zero hour was 00:00 on 1 July 1982. Although no list of surnames was published with the initial summaries, the State Post Bureau subsequently used the census data to release a series of commemorative stamps in honor of the then-most-common surnames in 2004. 88 Xiandai SOHO The 1st surname Tan (陳/陈) is also a pinyin romanisation for the locally rare surname (談/谈) or (譚/谭). Suppose we best get memorising them as fast as possible! Names are an important type of vocabulary. Chinese has different terms for paternal and maternal uncles. Sure, it has some aspects of Asian…. Great-uncle 4. Cousin’s wife 20. Wife 18. The top 100 surnames accounted for only 16.4% of the US population,[3] and reaching 89.8% of the US population required more than 150,000 surnames. As if learning Mandarin Chinese wasn’t difficult enough, with the thousands of characters and the 5 tones to deal with, they had to have a crazy large amount of words to describe Chinese family members and Chinese family names.. The first and second are derived from reports on the household registrations released by the Chinese Ministry of Public Security on 30 January 2019 and April 24, 2007 respectively. Shanghai Phone: +86 (0) 21 3368 0866, Taiwan Email: [email protected] There are also multiple syllable Chinese surnames that are Spanish transliterations of Hokkien words. 1. 1990: Ji Yuwen Publishing House, based on a sample size of 174,900. The top five surnames in China – Wang, Li, Zhang, Liu, Chen – are also the top five surnames in the world, each with over 70-100 million worldwide. Twelve more – Xu, Sun, Ma, Zhu, Hu, Guo, He, Gao, Lin, Luo, Zheng, and Liang – were each shared by more than 10 million. Brother 15. Tel: +86 (0) 10 65129057 Tel: +886 (2) 27555007 If you wish to hear more from LTL Mandarin School why not join our mailing list. you left out mum's side (mum's) sister's husband (姨夫)! China. The 2010 US Census found 3,794,673 self-identified Chinese Americans and 230,382 self-identified Taiwanese Americans,[33] up from 2,734,841 Chinese Americans and 144,795 Taiwanese Americans in 2000. Our List of Common Chinese Names with meanings will help you to sort out your ideas for selecting a perfect one. Wife actually has two words you can use in Chinese. But we have to say, family value of most west… Nephew 23. However, Zhang Wei (张伟) is the most common full name in mainland China.[8]. Ethnic Chinese make up almost three-fourths (2009) of Singapore's resident population of nearly four million (2011). Chinese surnames are used by Han Chinese (漢族, Hànzú) and ethnics group in Mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, Malaysia, Singapore, Taiwan, Korea, Vietnam and overseas Chinese communities. Chinese culture has many fine-grained terms for different types of family relationships. Email: [email protected], No. Change It, China Says", "Baxter–Sagart Old Chinese Reconstruction", "Catalogo alfabetico de apellidos: List of Chinese surnames", "Surname lists to identify South Asian and Chinese ethnicity from secondary data in Ontario, Canada: A validation study", "Population and Housing Census, Malaysia 2010 (2010 Census)", "Census 2000: Chinese Largest Asian Group in the United States", "Asian American ethnic identification by surname", "The Asian & Pacific Islander surname list: as developed from Census 2000", Chinese-English Dictionary of Modern Usage, Top 10 Surnames in Each Chinese Province and City, 100 Most Common Family Names in Mainland China, 101-200 Most Common Family Names in Mainland China,, Articles with Chinese-language sources (zh), Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing simplified Chinese-language text, Articles containing traditional Chinese-language text, Cleanup tagged articles with a reason field from March 2020, Wikipedia pages needing cleanup from March 2020, All articles with links needing disambiguation, Articles with links needing disambiguation from June 2020, Articles with links needing disambiguation from August 2020, Articles with links needing disambiguation from November 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Chang, Chong, Chung, Cheung, Teo, Zhāng, Zheung, 2006 multi-year survey and study conducted by. In China, the institution of a family is the pinnacle of the society. On the other hand, most Chinese ancestors came to the Philippines prior to 1898 usually have multiple syllable Chinese surnames such as Gokongwei, Ongpin, Pempengco, Yuchengco, Teehankee, and Yaptinchay among such others. Do take note that the 7th most common surname in China, 趙/赵, is extremely rare in Singapore. Meanings of names are very significant to the Chinese people. This list of the 100 most common Chinese surnames derives from comprehensive surveys from 2018, 2007, and 1982. : We've fixed our boo boos, straightened out the lines and added pinyin! : 'Old Hundred Surnames') is an ancient and traditional one, the most notable tally being the Song-era Hundred Family Surnames (Chinese: 百家姓; pinyin: Bǎi Jiā Xìng). Whereas in English we can condense it down to something much easier to understand. Brother-in-law 14. In the South, Chen is the most common o… Sister 13. Daughter-in-law 26. Uncle 8. It’s a surname that I have only read about in history textbooks. The conception of China as consisting of the "old 100 families" (Chinese: 老百姓; pinyin: Lǎo Bǎi Xìng; lit. The first is derived from a report on the household registrations released by the Chinese Ministry of Public Security on April 24, 2007. It originally contained 411 surnames, and was later expanded to 504. 79. Common Chinese surnames in China, U.S., Taiwan, Malaysia and Canada are listed. [10][11] Previous partial surveys proved less accurate, as many surnames are clustered regionally. Wow, just wow. YANYU: Chinese name which means “Swallow jade, or, Yan jade”. The Chinese put family names first. 嫂子 (sǎo zi):the wife of your older brother 弟妹 (dì mèi): the wife of your younger brother 姐夫 (jiě fu):the husband of your older sister 妹夫 (mèi fu): the husband of your younger sister E.g. Beijing CBD, Jianguo Rd. The first and second are derived from reports on the household registrations released by the Chinese Ministry of Public Security on 30 January 2019 and April 24, 2007 respectively. See also about Chinese names. Phone: +86 (0) 10 65129057 The characters should combine in such a way that it brings prosperity and good luck to the child. Whilst you shouldn’t worry too much about memorising all of these, it’s something fun to learn and will definitely impress your Chinese (and foreign) mates. Sometimes, especially in Mainland China, the given name is just one character. For Chinese people, family is always put in the first place, as Chinese culture focuses on collectivism, family has been a key component in Chinese society since ancient times. In Northern China, Wang is the most common surname, shared by almost 10% of the population. A 2010 study by Baiju Shah & al data-mined the Registered Persons Database of Canadian health card recipients in the province of Ontario for a particularly Chinese-Canadian name list. 77. Chinese Names for Boys Starting with F. Hey, Congratulations for your Newborn. 183 Beihai Ave. Haicheng This list of the 100 most common Chinese surnames derives from comprehensive surveys from 2018, 2007, and 1982. The surname list is not accurate, as the English surnames may actually have many variants not listed above. Nearly as large is the Chinese Indonesian community. Sister-in-law 16. A former (and sure to be future student with us), Zoe now blogs for LTL when she gets spare time. 1987 study conducted by Yuan Yida with a sample size of 570,000. Moreover, the same law requires that those possessing the same surname be related, meaning that immigrant Chinese may not adopt the surname of their clansmen unless they can show actual kinship. There are thousands of surnames, the top 100 common surnames are shared by 85% of the population. Depending on your age, whether you are male or female, and in what capacity you’re meeting somebody, you will be addressed as something else. In order to help you discuss your family in Chinese, I’m going to introduce some useful vocabulary. Some speculate that this ordering represents the traditional importance of the family in Chinese culture. Email: [email protected], Xiangyang South Rd. First cousin once removed 29. Grandso… Name * If you appreciate the beautiful tonal languages of China (all 302 individual living languages) like standard Chinese (Mandarin), Cantonese, Shanghainese, or Fuzhou, your family is Chinese, or maybe you have a multicultural family and want to honor your family's history, this name list is perfect for you. I’m pretty confident with my looks… But to be called this several times a day…. Typical Chinese Family With a diverse culture among western countries, each country has their own point of view on family values. The most popular three are Li, Wang and Zhang, respectively occupying about 7.9%, 7.4% and 7.1% of the whole Chinese population. Older sister in Chinese is – 姐姐 (Jiějiě). Son 25. I'm away right now, so I will get back to you by email as soon as possible, The Unnecessarily Complicated Chinese Family Tree. Chinese Filipinos whose ancestors came to the Philippines from 1898 onward usually have single syllable Chinese surnames. According to Statistics Singapore, as of the year 2000, the most common Chinese Singaporean names were:[30]. See also Chinese Clan & Family Histories Top 10 Chinese Surnames + Origins/Facts Others you’ll come across in day to day life include: 帅哥 – shuàigē: Used towards a male in a friendly way (lit. So it is always confusing when someone introduces a group of guys as their “brothers” and you wonder just how many kids are in their family…! And yup, there’s another word for mum’s sibling’s son if younger than you. [when?] [6] The top ten surnames in Taiwan accounted for 52.77% of the general population, and the top 100 accounted for 96.56%. Consider yourself lucky that you are learning Chinese! Taiwan Phone: +886 0905028430 Father 10. Whereas in English we can condense it down to something much easier to understand. Son-in-law 28. The family name is the first character, and the remaining two characters are the given name. 2002: study by Matthew Falkenstein, data-mining the, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 14:48. Email: [email protected], Traditional: 台北市大安區安和路一段78巷29號 Mon-Fri: 9am-6.30pm China Time Well, here is a chart of 100 useful Chinese characters to know. The 16th surname 'Low' can be 劉/刘, 廖,卢 or 羅/罗 in Chinese. Interestingly enough, you will also hear Chinese people referring to their “brothers 哥哥 gēge” and “sisters 姐姐 jiějiě” meaning that they are just close friends, but not actually family members.
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