This usage is referred to as "the unreal past" because we use a past tense but we Many conditional forms in English are used in sentences that include verbs in one of the past tenses. In the examples of the third conditional (unreal and in the past), both the conditional clause and the main clause refer to past time: If you had done this in the past, you would have experienced this in the past. Typically, an unreal conditional sentence begins with an if clause containing the past tense or past perfect tense of a verb followed by a conditional clause containing a modal verb such as “would.” Consider the following sentences: Conditionals - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary TYPE 2: UNTRUE IN THE PRESENT OR FUTURE. If one thing happens and another follows, it’s a conditional sentence. In English, most sentences using the conditional contain the word if. These types of sentences are used to express possible or imaginary situations. If Clause Type 2 is used to think of the opposite of an event that is happening in the present or in the future, to put forward a condition and to express the result of this imaginary condition. The second kind of conditionals are called imaginary or hypothetical conditionals. It is also possible to mix time references—to talk about a condition in the past and the consequences in the present. In other words, The condition specified in the clause is not actual but is a condition that is currently being imagined. Conditional Sentences start with ‘If’ and each of them refers to the unreal past. The “If” clause of a hypothetical conditional sentence is usually written in the subjunctive mood (see Grammar Corner, VOICE & MOOD). 2 min read. Conditional sentences are one of the trickier parts of English grammar: there are 5 types of conditional sentences, and you need to be able to use and identify all of them.As a rule, conditional sentences in English consist of two parts – the main part and the if part (or the conditional part).. ‘If you study hard, your English will improve.’ In this English grammar lesson, you will learn how to use conditional sentences (0, 1, 2, 3)correctly in the English language. English Conditional Sentences, If Clause Type 2, Conditional Type 2. For example: Explore conditional sentence examples to see how “if” and “then” go hand-in-hand. As a refresher, an unreal conditional sentence expresses events that are hypothetical or improbable. These are conditionals that did not occur, but under different conditions might have. Conditional tenses are used to speculate about what could happen, what might have happened, and what we wish would happen. ‘If you boil water to 100°C, it boils.’ ‘When you boil water to 100°C, it boils.’ 1st Conditional – is used with ‘will/can + base verb’ for a probable future result. 0 Conditional – is used for scientific facts or general truths. ‘If’ can be substituted for ‘when’. Using Type 2: The conditional sentences indicate us a possible condition and its probable result.It means that the expected actions depends on a condition.If Clauses – Type 2 is used to express dreams, unreal situations and things that are unlikely to happen.