; Category:User phn: Wiktionary users categorized by fluency levels in Phoenician. The Phoenician alphabet was spread to Greece during this period, where it became the source of all modern European scripts. Latin. The names' popularity increased from the 1900s up to the 1970s. In spite of inhabiting a large territory, including modern day Lebanon, very little is known about these people. Phoenician language, a Semitic language of the Northern Central (often called Northwestern) group, spoken in ancient times on the coast of Syria and Palestine in Tyre, Sidon, Byblos, and neighbouring towns and in other areas of the Mediterranean colonized by Phoenicians. Phoenician origins have additional appeal for the Christian middle class, as it presents the Phoenicians as traders, and the Lebanese emigrant as a modern-day Phoenician adventurer, whereas for the Sunni it merely veiled French imperialist ambitions, intent on subverting pan-Arabism.[15]. Sidon. Very little is known about the Canaanite language, except what can be gathered from the El-Amarna letters written by Canaanite kings to Pharaohs Amenhopis III (1402 - 1364 BCE) and Akhenaton (1364 - 1347 BCE). At the modest height of their usage in 2018, 0.121% of baby boys were given Phoenician names. By choosing a name for their child, the parents could not only celebrate their joy of having created life, but they believed that the naming of the child would greatly influence which divine being would … For nearly a thousand years before the spread of the Arab-Muslim conquests in the 7th century AD, Aramaic was the lingua franca and main spoken language in the Fertile Crescent. The Linked Data Service provides access to commonly found standards and vocabularies promulgated by the Library of Congress. "[3], There is a lack of consensus on the distinction between lingual taxa such as languages and dialects. Phoenicia was an ancient civilization on the eastern Mediterranean coast. The most common, and most purely linguistic, criterion is that of mutual intelligibility: two varieties are said to be dialects of the same language if being a speaker of one variety confers sufficient knowledge to understand and be understood by a speaker of the other; otherwise, they are said to be different languages. WIP. the Arab world) for speakers of different Arabic varieties to assert that they all speak a single language, despite significant issues of mutual incomprehensibility among differing spoken versions.[5]. NEXT> 6. The names' popularity increased from the 1900s up to the 1970s. Extensive Tyro-Sidonian trade and commercial dominance led to Phoenician becoming a lingua-franca of the maritime Mediterranean during the Iron Age. The naming of children had a significance in the Ancient Near East that is difficult to understand nowadays. They did however share a common language, common religious practices, ethnic origin and a common maritime trade culture[16], Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, personal reflection, personal essay, or argumentative essay, Romanization of Arabic § Arabic alphabet and nationalism, Interfaces of the Word: Studies in the Evolution of Consciousness and Culture, Introduction to Arabic Natural Language Processing, "Is the Islamic State Exterminating the Language of Jesus? Hebrew. Beirut. Critics believe that Phoenicianism is an origin myth that disregards the Arab cultural and linguistic influence on the Lebanese. Phoenician Alphabet - 𐤀𐤋𐤐𐤁𐤉𐤕 𐤊𐤍𐤏𐤍𐤉𐤌. Get inspired by Phoenician boy & girl names: traditional, modern, cool, and trendy names with unique meanings & origins that are best for babies - some even for pet cats and dogs, too! 423–471. NEXT> 7. Proponents claim that the land of Lebanon has been inhabited uninterruptedly since Phoenician times, and that the current population descends from the original population, with some admixture due to immigration over the centuries. the Greeks borrowed the sign from Phoenician and altered its form, changed its name to qoppa and but had no use for its sound in Indo-European so they used it for the sound K. Resh, Ras: Head: R consonant: R: Around 1700 B.C. Phoenician name generator . Phoenician is the extinct Semitic language of ancient Phoenicia.. See also Phoenician alphabet. There are 117 phoenician language-related words in total, with the top 5 most semantically related being phoenician alphabet, semitic languages, phoenicia, syria and tunisia.You can get the definition(s) of a word in the list below by tapping the question-mark icon next to it. The language Phoenician was a Semitic language, more precisely belonging to the group of canaanite languages which includes Hebrew, Phoenician, Philistine, Moabite, etc. 🐫 Below is a massive list of phoenician language words - that is, words related to phoenician language. The Phoenician alphabet has been termed "abjad." Levant, (from the French lever, “to rise,” as in sunrise, meaning the east), historically, the countries along the eastern Mediterranean shores.Common use of the term is associated with Venetian and other trading ventures and the establishment of commerce with cities such as Tyre and Sidon as a result of… Phoenicianism is a form of Lebanese nationalism first adopted by Lebanese Christians, primarily Maronites, at the time of the creation of Greater Lebanon. Phoenician is very close to Phoenician, one of a people of ancient Phoenicia. The land was natively kno… The name Phoenician is by convention given to inscriptions beginning around 1050 BC, because Phoenician, Hebrew, and other Canaanite dialects were largely indistinguishable before that time. Phoenician names are generally composite words with a specific meaning. Phoenicia's civilization, like ancient Greece, was organized in city-states. [4] For political reasons, it is common in the Arabic-speaking world (a.k.a. Synonyms for Phoenicians in Free Thesaurus. For generating Phoenician Names simply scroll down and click on the Male Names, Female Names Button to randomly generate 10 Phoenician Names. The parallel story associates 'Phoenician' with either the name of a clan of a Hebrew tribe, or an Egyptian word, attested considerably earlier than the clan name, designating "countries of the eastern Mediterranean seaboard". Their usage peaked in 1973 with 0.410% of baby girls being given Phoenician names. Proponents of Phoenician continuity among Maronite Christians point out that a Phoenician identity, including the worship of pre-Christian Phoenician gods such as Baal, El, Astarte and Adon was still in evidence until the mid 6th century AD in Roman Phoenice, and was only gradually replaced by Christianity during the 4th and 5th centuries AD. HANNIBAL m Phoenician (Latinized), History Means "grace of Ba'al" from Phoenician hann "grace" combined with the name of the god BA'AL. Antonyms for Phoenicians. The counter position is summed by As'ad AbuKhalil, Historical Dictionary of Lebanon (London: Scarecrow Press), 1998: Ethnically speaking, the Lebanese are indistinguishable from the peoples of the eastern Mediterranean. [1] It constitutes identification of the Lebanese people with the ancient Phoenicians. The one spoken in Lebanon is called "Lebanese Arabic" or simply "Lebanese", and it is a type of Levantine Arabic, which, together with Mesopotamian Arabic, is classed by matter of convenience as a type of Northern Arabic. While Arabness is not an ethnicity but a cultural identity, some ardent Arab nationalists, in Lebanon and elsewhere, talk about Arabness in racial and ethnic terms to elevate the descendants of Muhammad. Phoenician names for baby girls, with 47 entries. Hi there! It was a variety of the Phoenician language spoken in the Carthaginian empire based in North Africa, including … The language Phoenician was a Semitic language, more precisely belonging to the group of canaanite languages which includes Hebrew, Phoenician, Philistine, Moabite, etc. Within the top 1000 baby names then, there was 1 Phoenician name. The Proto-Canaanite Language . Search Belly Ballot to discover the popularity, meanings, and origins of thousands of names from around the world. Phoenician names are somewhat popular as baby girl names. The above map clearly shows that the Phoenician/ Canaanites had settled the mountains quite extensively, contrary to what was previously believed. Carthage. They ascribe Phoenicianism to sectarian influences on Lebanese culture and the attempt by Lebanese Maronites to distance themselves from Arab culture and traditions. Phoenician Name Generator is free online tool for generating Phoenician Names randomly. It will help you to generate 1000's of cool Phoenician Names which you can use in books, novels, games, or whatever fantasy world you want to use it. According to the Phoenician International Research Center, PIRC, it is not certain that the Phoenicians call themselves in their own language; it seems to be Kena’ani (Akkadian: Kinahna), “Canaanites”. All rights reserved. This includes data values and the controlled vocabularies that house them. From which language is the name "Phoenician" derived? Phoenician is a Canaanite language closely related to Hebrew. Supporters of this theory of Lebanese ethnogenesis maintain that the Lebanese are descended from Phoenicians. The "Hebrew language" (better called Canaanite since it was) existed well before then; the oldest surviving Hebrew language texts were written down in the Phoenician script. Standard Phoenician. "[14] The first coherent history of Mount Lebanon was written by Tannus al-Shidyaq (died 1861) who depicted the country as a feudal association of Maronites, Druzes, Melkites, Sunnis and Shi'ites under the leadership of the Druze Ma'n dynasty and later the Sunni/Maronite Shihab emirs. [9] Canaanite is another name for the Phoenicians; in fact, Phoenician, which comes from Greek “Phoínikes”, was the name given to the Canaanites by the ancient Greeks (though other etymologies exist for Phoenicia). Very little is known about the Canaanite language, except what can be gathered from the El-Amarna letters written by Canaanite kings to Pharaohs Amenhopis III (1402 - 1364 BCE) and Akhenaton (1364 - 1347 BCE).It appears that the Phoenician language, culture, and writing were strongly influenced by Egypt (which controlled … Moabite. Their usage peaked in 1973 with 0.410% of baby girls being given Phoenician names. Spoken in the Phoenician homeland and its colonies until the 6th century BCE, it was based on the dialect of Tyre and Sidon. Both researchers, Wild and Kuschke, are aware there are many more Canaanite settlements whose names had shifted from Canaanite to Aramaic and then some to Arabic. Some also maintain that Levantine Arabic is not an Arabic variety, rather a variation of Neo-Aramaic, but has become a distinctly separate language. The Phoenicians made a purplish dye from a sea anemone. NEXT> 8. [12], Historian Kamal Salibi, a Lebanese Protestant Christian, says: "between ancient Phoenicia and the Lebanon of medieval and modern times, there is no demonstrable historical connection". The naming of children had a significance in the Ancient Near East that is difficult to understand nowadays. [6] Among the Maronites, traditionally, Western Aramaic had been the spoken language up to the 17th century, when Arabic took its place, while classical Syriac remained in use only for liturgical purposes, as a sacred language (also considered as such in Judaism, alongside Hebrew). Eventually, Phoenicia was turned into the Roman province of Syria. There are 117 phoenician language-related words in total, with the top 5 most semantically related being phoenician alphabet, semitic languages, phoenicia, syria and tunisia.You can get the definition(s) of a word in the list below by tapping the question-mark icon next to it. In the Hebrew language, the word “kena’ani” has the secondary meaning of “merchant”, a term that characterizes the Phoenicians well.. "As for Sanchuniathon, whose name means 'Friend of Truth' in the Phoenician language, he gathered all the ancient history in the documents found in each city and formed it into a body of writings. Check it out! More recently, some effort has been put into revitalizing the Western Neo-Aramaic as an everyday spoken language in some ethnic Lebanese communities. It promotes the view that Lebanese people are not Arabs and that the Lebanese speak a distinct language and have their own culture, separate from that of the surrounding Middle Eastern countries. [13] "Phoenicianism embraces Phoenicia as an alternative cultural foundation by rejecting 850 years of Arabization.". After 900 B.C. Furthermore, that all this happened centuries before the Arab-Islamic Conquest.[10]. Other political parties which profess Phoenicianism include the National Liberal Party and the Lebanese Forces. ; Category:Terms derived from Phoenician: Categories with terms derived from Phoenician in various specific languages. Girl Names of Phoenician language or origin. The easiest and most credible solution is that the name simply represents the Punic/Phoenician for 'island, isolated place', 'y or iw. They argue that Arabization merely represented a shift to the Arabic language as the vernacular of the Lebanese people, and that, according to them, no actual shift of ethnic identity, much less ancestral origins, occurred. Phoenician names are generally composite words with a specific meaning. Phoenicia was an ancient civilization on the eastern Mediterranean coast. Hi there! Phoenician is very close to Greek. The name is either Phoenician/Punic in origin, as outlined here, or inexplicable. A neutral term in linguistics is "language variety" (a.k.a. It constitutes identification of the Lebanese people with the ancient Phoenicians.. (French), This page was last edited on 12 November 2020, at 17:30. It also was the name of a stringed instrument, probably also a reference to a Phoenician origin. Phoenician is a Semitic language of the Canaanite subgroup, closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. The earliest sense of a modern Lebanese identity is to be found in the writings of historians in the early nineteenth century, when, under the emirate of the Shihabs, a Lebanese identity emerged, "separate and distinct from the rest of Syria, bringing the Maronites and Druzes, along with its other Christian and Muslim sects, under one government. Proto-Canaanite, also known as Proto-Sinaitic, was the first consonant alphabet. Phoenician Language Facts: Phoenician was a language originally spoken in the coastal region then called PÅ«t in Phoenician, Canaan in Phoenician, Hebrew and Aramaic, and Phoenicia in Greek and Latin. This name generator will give you 10 random Phoenician names. The Punic language, also called Canaanite or Phoenicio-Punic, is an extinct variety of the Phoenician language, a Canaanite language of the Semitic family.It was spoken in Northwest Africa and several Mediterranean islands by the Punic people throughout Classical antiquity, from the … Our first examples of the Phoenician alphabet—technically an abjad, containing only consonants—appear around the 11th … The Punic language, also called Canaanite or Phoenicio-Punic, is an extinct variety of the Phoenician language, a Canaanite language of the Semitic family.It was spoken in Northwest Africa and several Mediterranean islands by the Punic people throughout Classical antiquity, from the … Which of these cities was the most important Phoenician colony? In 2018, within all Phoenician names, the English Phoenix was the most commonly used, with a ranking of #252 and a … 🐫 Below is a massive list of phoenician language words - that is, words related to phoenician language. In light of this "old controversy about identity",[2] some Lebanese prefer to see Lebanon, Lebanese culture and themselves as part of "Mediterranean" and "Canaanite" civilization, in a concession to Lebanon's various layers of heritage, both indigenous, foreign non-Arab, and Arab. Some consider addressing all Lebanese as Arabs somewhat insensitive and prefer to call them Lebanese as a sign of respect of Lebanon's long non-Arabic past. No good etymology in insular languages. Tyre. These later inscriptions, in addition with some inscriptions in Greek letters and transcriptions of Phoenician names into other languages, represent the main source for Phoenician vowels. The ultimate A-Z Phoenician names list, complete with name meanings, origins and background info for all Phoenician baby names. [7] Also, the modern type of Eastern Neo-Aramaic has an estimated 2 - 5 million speakers, mainly among Assyrians,[8] a Christian ethnoreligious group related to but distinct from the Maronites of Lebanon. 3 The Phoenician Alphabet Reassessed in Light of its Descendant Scripts and the Language of the Modern Lebanese Introduction The Phoenician alphabet, as it is understood today, is a 22 letter abjad with a one-to-one letter to phoneme relationship [see Table 1].1 Credited for being the world's first alphabet and mother of all modern alphabets, it is believed to have been inspired by the older Phoenicianism is a form of Lebanese nationalism first adopted by Lebanese Christians, primarily Maronites, at the time of the creation of Greater Lebanon. Phoenician, a Northern Semitic language which originated in about the 11th century BC in what is now Lebannon, Syria and Israel, an area then known as PÅ«t in Ancient Egyptian, Canaan in Phoenician, Hebrew and Aramaic, Phoenicia in Greek and Latin. The Dutch university professor Leonard C. Biegel, in his 1972 book Minorities in the Middle East: Their significance as political factor in the Arab World, coined the term Neo-Shu'ubiyya to name the modern attempts of alternative non-Arab nationalisms in the Middle East, e.g. Phoenician name generator . There were 2 Phoenician names ranked within the top 1000 baby names then. Phoenician is an extinct Canaanite Semitic language originally spoken in the region surrounding the cities of Tyre and Sidon. Among political parties professing Phoenicianism is the Kataeb Party,[11] a Lebanese nationalist party in the March 14 Alliance. Hannibal was the Carthaginian general who threatened Rome during the Second Punic War in the 3rd century BC. In 2018, their usage was only 0.027% with 1 Phoenician name listed among the top 1000. about | terms of use | privacy policy From about 1550 to 300 BC, the Phoenicians ruled the Mediterranean. Phoenician is a Canaanite language closely related to Hebrew. In reference to the Semitic language spoken by the people, from 1836; as an adjective, from c. 1600. Copyright © 2009-2020 Baby Names Pedia Paradoxically, Lebanese nationalists also speak about the Lebanese people in racial terms, claiming that the Lebanese are "pure" descendants of the Phoenician peoples, whom they view as separate from the ancient residents of the region, including — ironically — the Canaanites. Their population was organized in city-states, even Carthage was a former Phoenician colony, and had its own religion. The names listed below include some of the most obscure and difficult toponyms surviving from Britain, many of which have no satisfactory explanation aside from a potential Phoenician/Punic origin, as both Richard Coates and George Broderick have recently emphasised in their important discussions of this evidence. [25] [17] Phoenician inscriptions are found in Lebanon, Syria, Israel, Cyprus and other locations, as late as the early centuries of the Christian era. Phoenician names are somewhat popular as baby girl names. Punic. It was spoken in the area called "Canaan" in Phoenician, Hebrew and Aramaic, “Phoenicia” in Greek and Latin, “Put” in old Egyptian.